R&D Tax Incentive FAQ

What is R&D Tax Incentive?


The R&D Tax Incentive is the largest single Australian Government incentive program for business. It aims to encourage and support businesses in undertaking R&D activities that they may not otherwise be willing to attempt. The program works by providing a tax offset or tax refund for companies claiming eligible R&D expenditure.  See R&D Tax Incentive – what is it?


Who administers the R&D Tax Incentive?

The R&D Tax Incentive is jointly administered by AusIndustry and the Australian Taxation Office (ATO). AusIndustry is an operational division of the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (DISER) and is responsible for technical compliance of R&D Tax Incentive applications. The ATO is responsible for financial and taxation compliance of applications.


Why should I consider the R&D Tax Incentive?

Effectively, the Government is subsidizing R&D in Australia via the R&D Tax Incentive. If you are undertaking R&D in Australia, there is a good chance that at least some of that R&D may qualify for the R&D Tax Incentive. To qualify, you need to spend more than $20,000 on R&D that is eligible under the program. You can claim up to 43.3% of that expenditure back from the Australian Government as a tax refund or tax credit.

If you are undertaking eligible R&D, then you should claim it. Unlike other Government (grant) programs, the R&D Tax Incentive is not capped, so if you qualify, you will receive a benefit. You aren’t competing with other companies.


How does the R&D tax incentive work?

The R&D Tax Incentive works by providing a tax offset or tax refund for companies claiming eligible R&D expenditure. To access the R&D Tax Incentive, you first need to spend more than $20,000 on eligible R&D activities and then claim a tax refund or tax offset for that expenditure. You need to register your R&D activities with AusIndustry first, and once you have your registration number, you can claim the tax offset or refund from the Australian Taxation Office.


When can I claim the R&D Tax Incentive?

You can submit your R&D Tax Incentive application to AusIndustry from July 1 for the preceding financial year. You must submit the application to AusIndustry by April 30 for the previous financial year.


Who qualifies for the R&D Tax Incentive?

You don’t need to be doing cutting edge research to access the R&D Tax Incentive! You don’t need to be a large (or even a medium-sized company). Even average small Australian businesses can qualify – you just need to be doing something new or different. If you make or develop products with an interesting twist (or have plans to do so) – you may well have eligible R&D.

To qualify, you need to be an R&D Entity as defined by the Australian Taxation Office.

Basically, you need to be a company, incorporated in Australia, or incorporated in a foreign country, but a resident in Australia for income tax purposes. Other categories are also defined. For a full description of who is eligible, refer to the ATO website.

See Australian Taxation Office Eligible Entity


Am I eligible for the R&D tax incentive?

If you are an eligible R&D entity, and you are conducting eligible R&D in Australia, then yes. So, you first need to know if you qualify as an eligible entity (see above). Then you need to know of your R&D fits the requirements of the R&D Tax Incentive.  (see eligible R&D) Generally speaking, the R&D Tax Incentive is intended for eligible R&D conducted in Australia, but you can apply for recognition of R&D conducted in another country.

See Do you have Eligble R&D?


Is the R&D Tax Incentive worth it?

Some companies are put off by the apparent complexity or effort involved in submitting an R&D Tax Incentive application. However, you should not be put off by the program’s requirements, as there are many competent specialists who can help you navigate the application process. While there is some effort involved in applying for the R&D Tax Incentive, the benefit more than out-weighs the effort. The specialist’s fees will typically come out of the refund from the program, so there is often no direct cost for the applicant.


How much can I get from the R&D Tax Incentive?

If your company has an aggregated turnover of less than $20 M, then you can claim up to 43.5% of every dollar you spend on eligible R&D. Depending upon whether your company made a loss or a profit, you will receive either a refund, a tax credit or a combination of these to a total of 43.5%.

For companies with an aggregated turnover of over $20 M, it the benefit is 38.5% – as a tax credit. See R&D Tax Incentive changes in 2020/2021 Budget.


How do I access the R&D Tax Incentive?

You can apply for the R&D Tax Incentive yourself, but it is strongly recommended that you engage an R&D Tax Incentive specialist to ensure a successful outcome, as the requirements are vague and can be difficult to understand (but they are published). It is also important to present the technical details of your claimed R&D in a way that is readily assessed as compliant by AusIndustry.

To maximize your R&D Tax Incentive claim, you should also consider structuring your R&D to maximise your eligibility. Your R&D Tax Incentive specialist can assist you in structuring your R&D appropriately.

See R&D Tax Incentive – getting started.


What is involved in applying for the R&D Tax Incentive?

If you do engage an R&D Tax Incentive specialist, then your effort is considerably reduced. However, you still need to do some preparation and planning. The consultant will look after the actual application, but you are still responsible for the planning, execution and documentation of your R&D – with guidance from the consultant.

To maximize your R&D Tax Incentive claim, you may also need to make slight adjustments to the structure your R&D activities. You also need to be aware of your responsibilities for record keeping – both technical and financial. Talk to your R&D Tax Incentive specialist before you start your R&D – this will minimise your effort and maximise your benefit. With a little bit of forethought and a modest, but well-focused approach to documentation, the effort is really quite manageable.


I don’t have a product yet – can I still access the R&D Tax Incentive?

Yes, you can. The criteria for the R&D Tax Incentive is activity based, not outcome-based. You may be working your way towards having a product, or you may still be in the research phase. The key thing is that you are conducting experimental activities, looking for new knowledge that you cannot access any other way. You may never achieve a product – as long as your experimentation results in new knowledge, you may be eligible.


Is R&D tax offset taxable?

No – it is a refund, and is not taxable.


Is the R&D Tax Incentive risky?

There has been considerable recent publicity concerning an ongoing government initiative to ‘clawback’ some R&D Tax Incentive payments. This has led to a mis-conception that the R&D Tax Incentive is risky, and best avoided. However, a competent R&D Tax Incentive consultant will ensure that you only claim eligible R&D activities and will prepare an application that can readily be assessed as compliant by AusIndustry.

See Do you have eligible R&D?, Eligible Software R&D and Software R&D Tax Incentive applications – are they risky?


How can I work out if my R&D is eligible for the RDTI program?

AusIndustry publishes a considerable amount of material to aid claimants in determining eligibility. In principle, it is possible for you to answer this question for yourself. In practice, it is difficult, and is very easy to make a mistake. See Do you have eligible R&D?


Why doesn’t Tech Abstract offer services related to other Government incentives?

Quite simply, it isn’t worth it for our clients. Whilst there are many Government grants, they all have various problems. They are often temporary, have short application periods, have a capped amount that will be distributed, or have undocumented selection strategies. There is absolutely no way of knowing whether you will be successful with some Governments grants or not.

Even if your application is submitted in good time, and you think you have a good case, you may well still miss out, for reasons you will never know. The consultant preparing your grant application still gets their money (which is why they are so heavily promoted) – even if you the client are unsuccessful. Tech Abstract will not waste our clients money.


I have my tax incentive refund – can I assume that the application was approved?

No – the RDTI is a self-assessment scheme, so you can’t assume that everything is fine because the application was apparently accepted and a refund gained – applications can be reviewed up to 5 years later. See R&D Tax Incentive Self-assessment for more information.


Does my R&D Tax Incentive consultant need to understand my R&D?

Yes – to a point. An often-underrated part of the RDTI application is the narrative of the R&D core activities that forms part of the application to AusIndustry. It is very important for this narrative to be well-structured, clear and informative so that AusIndustry can assess each core activity. To do that, the consultant needs to have a working understanding of your R&D.
See R&D Consultant understand your R&D? for more information.


Is it better to use a tax incentive consultant or draft my own application?

Whilst there are arguments for both alternatives, it is actually easier for a tax incentive consultant to understand enough of your R&D to draft the application than it is for you to understand the requirements of the RDTI program. Drafting a good application also requires experience which is not easily learnt. Also, consider this – the application will be assessed by someone in AusIndustry who is unfamiliar with your R&D,  but knows the R&D Tax Incentive requirements inside-out.

See Using an R&D Tax Incentive Consultant

Need assistance with your R&D Tax Incentive application?

Speak to the expert team at TechAbstract today